Two important principles in gearing are pitch surface area and pitch angle. The pitch surface area of a gear is the imaginary toothless surface that you would have by averaging out the peaks and valleys of the individual teeth. The pitch surface area of an ordinary gear is the form of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a gear is the angle between the face of the pitch surface and the axis.

The most familiar kinds of bevel gears have pitch angles of less than 90 degrees and therefore are cone-shaped. This kind of bevel gear is called external because the gear teeth point outward. The pitch areas of meshed external bevel gears are beval gearbox coaxial with the apparatus shafts; the apexes of both surfaces are at the idea of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles in excess of ninety degrees have teeth that time inward and are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears that have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees have teeth that point outward parallel with the axis and resemble the factors on a crown. That’s why this kind of bevel gear is named a crown gear.

Mitre gears are mating bevel gears with equivalent numbers of teeth and with axes at right angles.

Skew bevel gears are those for which the corresponding crown equipment has the teeth that are directly and oblique.